Shut In E-Bulletin 2010
SHUT IN: Campaign to Close Institutions
“I have many friends now: people I can talk to, go to dinner with and call on for support. I am in charge of my life now, I make my own decisions and I am free. No-one tells me what to do or when, what I have to eat, or when I have to go to bed—I can do what I like whenever I like.” - KIM
Kim lived in institutions for 17 years. She is now a passionate advocate for the closure of all institutions in Australia.
3 December 2010 - International Day of People with Disability
- From the Campaign Coordinators
- What is SHUT IN?
- Who is running Shut In?
- What does Shut In involve?
- What can I do?
- State-Based Activities
- Position Paper - Accommodating Human Rights
- Institutions and Human Rights
- Personal Perspectives – Life in an Institution
- Privacy statement
- Contact Us
International Day of People with Disability is a time to recognise the contributions people with disability make to the economic, social, cultural and political life of our community. It is also a time to celebrate the many gains people with disability have made in the fight for human rights and to take further action against human rights abuses.
Australia has ratified the UN Convention on the Right of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) and made a commitment to respect, protect and fulfil our human rights. Such a guiding framework is more critical than ever, as we fight the re-emergence of regressive ‘supported accommodation’ policy, which has seen Australian governments stall in their commitment to close institutions and to provide genuine community based housing and supports for people with disability.
Many people may have thought that we had won the fight to close institutions throughout Australia, and that most people with disability now live in the community. While governments throughout Australia have made commitments to provide community based accommodation services to people with disability, the growing demand for disability services and ‘supported accommodation’ in particular has meant that this commitment has waned or been breached. Consequently we are hearing a great deal about the crisis in ‘supported accommodation’, the need to explore ‘supported accommodation models’ and to build ‘accommodation facilities’ for people with disability.
The focus on ‘supported accommodation’, the dominant service language, already confines discussions to ‘models’ that require a different response for ‘accommodating’ people with disability, rather than recognising that people with disability have a right to adequate housing on an equal basis as all others in the community. This issue is a housing issue and an issue of the supports required for a person with disability to live in housing equivalent to everyone else in the community. This is a right enshrined in Article 19 of CRPD.
On this International Day of People with Disability, we are launching our Shut In campaign to take action against the ongoing congregation, segregation and isolation of people with disability in institutions:
- People with disability are still in institutions. These institutions are still being funded and have not closed regardless of promises that have been made to do so.
- People with disability are still being placed in institutions regardless of government policies that stipulate that this should not occur.
- Some institutions are not being closed but are being redeveloped into ‘contemporary’ institutions that continue to congregate people with disability and segregate them from community life.
Institutions for people with disability are in breach of the CRPD and Shut In aims to raise awareness about this human rights abuse, to take action to close institutions and to advocate for housing and supports that enable people with disability to live in the community in the same way as everyone else.
Our launch e-bulletin provides information about the campaign, who is involved, what the situation is in different States and Territories and how to get involved. More information is available on the Shut In website at www.shutin.org.au
People with disability are being Shut In to institutions. This is a human rights abuse and it has to end NOW.
Message from Campaign Coordinators
Mark Pattison - Executive Director, National Council on Intellectual Disability
I remember in the 1990's attending meetings about the establishment of 'group homes' in my neighbourhood. I and a few others put up our hands and said yes to "in my backyard". We were in the minority! Those were the days of promise, promise that was slowly fading.
Since then people with disability and their families have seen their hopes and dreams smothered. As the community has become more accepting, governments have not responded to their many inquiries, the citizenship of people with disability, nor the evidence of what makes a ' good life'.
Instead of fulfilling their promises and closing institutions, governments are redeveloping old ones and opening up new ones. Governments have failed people with disability, families, the community – all of us. It is time to say No More Institutions!
Kevin Stone – Executive Officer, Victorian Advocacy League for Individuals with Disability
“The Shut Out report, released last year by the National People with Disabilities and Carer Council, showed that people with disabilities are often discriminated against; exploited physically, emotionally and financially and excluded from the mainstream of Australia’s social and economic life.
While this report shines a welcome spotlight onto the lives of many people with disabilities, it doesn’t tell the full story. For many people with disabilities, particularly people with intellectual disabilities, not only are they shut out from the opportunities enjoyed by other Australians, they are often congregated in institutions which, despite the best efforts of their carers and staff, inevitably isolate, segregate and de-personalise.
In other words, they are Shut In.
VALID and Reinforce have initiated the Shut In Campaign because we know we have much more chance of getting our message across when we work together. We are excited by the prospect of organisations across Australia coming together with PWDA and NCID to call on the Australian community to stop shutting out people with disabilities and to demand Australian governments stop shutting them in!”
Dean Price – Advocacy Projects Manager, People with Disability Australia
Over the past three decades there have been promises from Governments of all persuasions to make the treatment of people with disability an issue for their social policy. Many improvements have been made for people with disability. This has been welcomed. However the need for action, on behalf of all governments, is immense.
There have been specific promises by State and Territory Governments for the devolution of institutions and the recognition that people with disability should live in the community. The Australian Government has stated its support for human rights through their ratification of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.
Despite this, instead of fulfilling these promises and fulfilling our rights, we still have people with disability living in institutions and we are seeing ‘newer, cleaner’ institutions being built. The structural failures of institutional accommodation, such as prioritising staffing and service delivery over the individual needs of a person, continue no matter what the bricks and mortar look like.
A number of PWD’s founding members were people who have fought to get out of institutions and to live in the community. Our current President, Jan Daisley is one of those pioneers for human rights. It is not surprising that PWD views Shut In: the Campaign to Close Institutions as a key priority area for action.
Shut In isn’t asking for anything radical. We are simply demanding our right to live in a regular house, in a regular neighbourhood, in a regular community. We don’t want to live in the special Centre, we don’t want to live on a special island and we don’t want to live in the special unit. We want a place to live in any house, on any street, in any block of units, in any suburb. We want what everyone else wants.
Shut In is the national campaign to raise awareness about people with disability in institutions, to take action to close institutions and to advocate for housing and supports that enable people with disability to live in the community in the same way as everyone else.
Shut In is a human rights campaign that is underpinned by the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD).
The campaign website brings together information and resources, personal stories from people who have lived in institutions, State and Territory reports on advocacy actions and events and information about how to get involved in supporting the campaign.
Shut In is primarily being run by people with disability and their representative and advocacy organisations
PWD Australia is a national, cross-disability, human rights organisation that has been providing representation, information, advocacy, training and complaints handling for almost 30 years.
PWDA was founded in 1980, in the lead up to the International Year of Disabled persons (1981) to provide people with disability with a voice of our own. PWD has a fundamental commitment to self-help and self-representation for people with disability by people with disability.
We are governed by a Board made up entirely of people with disability. Our primary membership is made up of individuals with disability and organisations primarily constituted by people with disability. PWDA also has a large associate membership of other individuals and organisations committed to the disability rights movement.
PWDA has a vision of a socially just, accessible and inclusive community, in which the human rights, citizenship, contribution, potential and diversity of all people with disability are respected and celebrated.
NCID was established over 50 years ago by parents and friends, in an endeavour to improve the quality of life of people with intellectual disability and to fill the need for national unity and information.
Our mission is to work to make the Australian community one in which people with intellectual disability are involved and accepted as equal participating members.
NCID has over 5,000 members representing all eight States and Territories. In addition to having people with intellectual disability on its Board, NCID receives policy advice from Our Voice. Our Voice is a committee the membership of which is exclusively people with intellectual disability representing all States and Territories.
NCID is an evidence based organisation and the evidence is clear that people who are given the choice about where they live and who they live with have good lives. By good lives, we mean, lives as members of their community with the capacity to fulfill their responsibilities to their communities, with independent support we know that people with disability do not choose to live in institutions. People living in the family home when given financial and planning support choose lifestyles and housing options similar to their brothers and sisters. They do not choose to live in a congregate living situation with other people with disability!
People with disability want independent choice and the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities compels all governments and organisations to enable them to have that choice.
VALID is a disability advocacy organisation committed to the vision of an Australian nation in which people with disability are empowered to exercise their rights — as human beings and as citizens — in accordance with the United Nations Declarations on Human Rights and the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.
VALID provides individual advocacy support to adults with intellectual disability and their families across Victoria, primarily those who are considered eligible for disability support services.
VALID represents the rights and interests of adults with intellectual disability to government, departments and services and to the broad community, through the provision of systemic advocacy.
The VALID Self Advocacy program aims to assist people with disabilities to develop or maintain the personal skills and self-confidence necessary to enable them to represent their own interests to others and in the community.
Reinforce is a self-advocacy organisation for people with an intellectual disability. Reinforce is here to assist, support and encourage independence for people with an intellectual disability. Reinforce promotes the rights of people with an intellectual disability to be upheld in the same way as everyone else in the community.
Reinforce provides training, resources, lobbies government, holds forums and promotes socialising and networking. Reinforce is run almost entirely be volunteers.
Reinforce and VALID jointly began the 'Shut In' campaign, representing the 4,813 Australian Citizens with disabilities who are not only Shut Out of the community but remain 'Shut In' large scale institutions, that continue to be segregated from the community where people are housed in substandard conditions
The campaign brings together information into one central place to create a solid evidence base for our advocacy. Our findings will be published and presented to governments and the community as part of a national speaking tour.
It’s great that you want to get involved! There are many ways in which you can support the Shut-In Campaign and actively work to close institutions around Australia
There are many ways in which you can support PWD which will make a real difference to the lives of people with disability both in Australia and overseas.
Make a Donation towards supporting the campaign. At present the campaign is unfunded and already stretching our budgets. With your financial support we’ll be able to visit more institutions, hold louder protests, create more media interest and spread more information. Visit www.everydayhero.com.au/Shut_In to leave a donation and please encourage your friends to do the same!
Be informed on the issues which have led to the need for Shut-In to take place. Learn the facts and use this knowledge to inform your views and decisions. Visit the Shut In Website and learn more about institutions, CRPD and the way towards a positive future.
Spread the word to your friends, family, colleagues, neighbours, MP’s, everyone about the fact the Australia still had institutions with thousands of people still occupying them! We want this campaign to reach beyond people with disability and people working in the movement – we want everyone to know what we’re fighting for and why.
Victoria’s activities are being spearheaded by VALID and Reinforce.
For over twenty years VALID and Reinforce have led the call in Victoria for the right of people with a disability to be supported to live in the community. In particular, they have campaigned together to:
- achieve a system of quality community-based housing and support
- achieve the closure of Victoria’s large-scale institutions
“While our State’s disability services system has undoubtedly come a long way, it still has a long way to go. On many fronts, the rights of people with disabilities continue to be neglected. Too often, the right of people to choose who they live with, and where, is over-ridden and ignored. Too often, we see people being victimized and institutionalised, even in some of our so-called “community group homes”.
Yet, despite these ongoing problems and issues, the closure of Victoria’s largest institutions has ensured overwhelming improvements in the lives of thousands of people with disabilities. This is not a matter of opinion. It is a clear and unequivocal fact. The evidence of many reports and studies on Victoria’s de-institutionalisation process is supported by national and international research and experience.” – Kevin Stone, VALID
The past year saw the release of The Shut Out report, by the National People with Disabilities and Carer Council, which helped expose the isolation and exclusion of people with disabilities across Australia.
The report prompted VALID to partner with Reinforce to establish the Shut In campaign, which aims to expose the continued neglect and segregation of people remaining in large-scale residential facilities
The current situation in Victoria
In Victoria there are four remaining government institutions for people with intellectual disability:
- Colanda - 115 residents
- Sandhurst - 42 residents
- Plenty Residential Services - 115 residents
- Oakleigh Residential Services - 42 residents
VALID and Reinforce have commenced a campaign to have these four remaining institutions closed.
The Minister is considering a proposal to close Colanda, which currently has 115 residents, but as yet no decision has been made. This is because there are concerns from a small group of parents regarding the possible closure.
Sandhurst currently has 42 residents. VALID is running self-advocacy and rights training for Sandhurst residents which is having positive outcomes.
Plenty Residential Services currently has 115 residents.
Oakleigh Residential Services - has approx 35 residents. There is funding for 15 Oakleigh residents to move out.
New South Wales
Action in NSW is based on a long history of strong advocacy against institutionalisation conducted by a number of disability peaks and advocacy organisations. These groups continue their advocacy today as Shut In NSW, which is coordinated by PWD, with representatives from Family Advocacy, NSW Council for Intellectual Disability, Western Sydney Intellectual Disability Support Group, NCOSS, Intellectual Disability Rights Service and Disability Enterprises. Shut In NSW also receives support from the NSW Disability Advocacy Network (NDAN).
A recent history:
During the 1990s – particularly from 1995 to 1998 – the NSW Government came under intense pressure to fund the transition of the States’ (then) 47 large residential centres for people with disability. There was a succession of public scandals associated with abuse and neglect of residents of these institutions and a series of scathing investigative reports into practices at particular institutions by the NSW community Services Commission.
In 1996, PWD lodged more than 200 appeals against decisions of the Minister to adopt transition plans for large residential centres on the basis that they did not comply with the Disability Services Act 1993 (NSW) (DSA). Appeals were also lodged against these transition plans by the NSW Council for Intellectual Disability and Family Advocacy.
In 1998, when it became clear that these appeals would be progressed, the Minister made the first announcement of the plan to close institutions by 2010. This appeared to provide the basis for a political solution to the appeals. However, by the end of 1999 the NSW Government had still taken no substantial action towards the implementation of the devolution plan. By this point most of the transition plans had expired without the institutions achieving full conformity with the DSA.
PWD therefore lodged new appeals in relation to the continuing funding of these non-compliant large residential centres. While these appeals failed to proceed, the Minister re-announced the 10 Year devolution plan in 2000 and allocated a budget for the large residential centres that would be included in Stage 1 of this 10 year plan. Again, this appeared to provide a political solution to the issues agitated in this litigation and our appeals were withdrawn.
For a range of reasons, Stage 1 of the 10 Year plan was very poorly managed and eventually collapsed. In 2006, the NSW Government announced additional five year growth funding for disability services that was underpinned by a high-level policy, Stronger Together: A new direction for disability services in NSW 2006-2016 (Stronger Together). Stronger Together did state that it would move to close large residential centres over time, yet in some cases the properties containing large residential centres would be redeveloped to provide support for people with complex needs. The centres named for redevelopment included Peat Island, Lachlan and Grosvenor Centres.
Although there have certainly been ups and downs, the broad thrust of accommodation policy in Australia has been towards community living. The policy outlined in Stronger Together reverses that thrust and seeks to establish a new generation of residential institutions that will ensnare future generations of persons with disability in NSW. It represents the most regressive disability policy to emerge in 30 years.
There is also potential for this regressive policy to influence the policies of other States and Territories. Residential institutions are now no longer a vestige of the past to be overcome, they are also a dreadful spectre of the future that we must erase.
In 1998, at the time of the first announcement by the NSW Government to close large residential centres by 2010, there were over 2,000 people with disability living in these institutions. Today, there are still over 1,600 people with disability living in institutions in NSW.
What are we doing about it?
For the first time in three decades we are seeing substantial resources invested in the development of disability accommodation services. However, a significant proportion of this funding is being wasted on the development of accommodation models that violate human rights norms, which will therefore have to be dismantled in the short-term.
In early 2009, after many months of unsuccessful attempts to persuade successive Ministers for Disability Services that these developments represent a violation of the human rights of people with disability and are contrary to the requirements of the DSA, PWD filed an application with the NSW Administrative Decisions Tribunal (ADT) formally seeking a review of the Minister’s decision to continue to operate the Grosvenor, Lachlan and Peat Island Centres, contrary to the requirements of the DSA. This action was taken very reluctantly and as a last resort. However, we would fail in our duty as a disability rights and representative organisation if we did not act to prevent a return to institutional approaches to providing housing and support for persons with disability.
The Minister and his Department are strongly defending our application and the proceedings have been protracted. The Minister's strategy appears to be to argue every procedural point open to him which delays the proceedings. This is perhaps the best indication of the Minister and Departments’ view on the compliance of these redevelopments with the requirements of the DSA.
Following an unsuccessful mediation in the first half of 2009, PWD has spent a considerable amount of time presenting arguments to the ADT to counter claims made by the Minister about procedural points. Meanwhile, a number of institutions have been redeveloped and building continues. People with disability have been or are currently being placed in these new institutions. PWD continues to make applications appealing the Minister’s decision to operate these new institutions as they begin to operate.
If resolution is not available through the ADT, PWD will to plan how this issue might be addressed through CRPD and eventually to the United Nations Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.
At the same time as we have been engaged in litigation with the NSW Government, we have also been advocating at the national level for the Australian Government to take a lead role in publicly promoting deinstitutionalisation and genuine community living to all levels of government. PWD has asked the previous and the current Parliamentary Secretary for Disabilities to:
- Ensure that clear guidelines and frameworks about CRPD compliance are developed to ensure that the awarding of the capital funding grants, or any additional funding for housing for people with disability are only provided to projects that comply with CRPD;
- Ensure that strong measures are developed within the National Disability Strategy and the National Disability Agreement to ensure that all levels of government comply with CRPD, including in relation to housing, and housing and support;
- We have also produced a comprehensive position paper, Accommodation Human Rights: A human rights perspective on housing, and housing and support, for persons with disability (see next section).
- Shut In NSW has begun to concentrate on the next five year phase of Stronger Together, and to advocate for growth funding for the closure of institutions, the reallocation of funds for redevelopments to closure and the transition to individualised, person-centred supports for people with disability to live in the community on the same basis as those without disability. We expect Stronger Together 2 to be announced on 3 December 2010.
- PWD is also producing a number of videos highlighting the human rights breaches relating to institutions in NSW and seeking support for Shut In. These videos will shortly be available on our website www.pwd.org.au and the Shut In website www.shutin.org.au
There are currently two large government institutions operating in South Australia
- Strathmont - 60 residents
- Highgate Park - 130 residents
There are also two large non-government institutions in operation.
Four years ago Strathmont had 260 residents and with the completion of stage one of its devolution, it is at 60 residents. Residents and families are supportive of closure proposals which are being prepared for the government.
Four years ago Highgate Park had 340 residents, now also due to devolution processes its numbers stand at 130.
Wasted Lives Campaign
Queensland Advocacy (QAI)’s Wasted Lives campaign commenced in late 2009 in an effort to raise community awareness and influence the agenda of government to stop the planned trans-institutionalisation of a group of residents living in an institution/health facility in Toowoomba, as well as to raise systemic issues about the lives of people with a disability living in health facilities across Queensland.
This group of people (approximately 35) who have a single diagnosis of intellectual disability have been institutionalised, some for over 45 years, stripped of their relationships with their family and any connection to community they may once have had.
This was of great concern to QAI as the potential for these people to move to community living would be lost and they would be placed with people with a mental illness or psychiatric disability returning to policies predating the 1960s.
On 15 October 2010, QAI held a half day Wasted Lives Forum opened by the Minister for Disability Services and Multicultural Affairs, Hon Annastacia Palasczcuk to raise awareness about institutional living and to provide a means for individuals and families to share their stories of creating a better life and highlight the benefits of being properly supported using person centred approaches. At this event the Minister Palasczcuk made a commitment to continue to finalise the institutional reform process commenced in the 1990’s. At this event the Minister spoke from her heart and is clearly committed to exploring the options of people living in the community.
This PWDA position paper provides a detailed analysis of the rights contained in the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) in relation to housing and housing and support for people with disability.
The purpose of the position paper is to highlight the human rights dimensions in housing and housing and support for persons with disability against a backdrop of systemic violation and failure to protect, respect and fulfil these rights in the Australian context.
The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) says that people with disability have the right to live in the community on an equal basis with others.
Specifically, Article 19 of the CRPD states that persons with disability have a fundamental human right to live in and be a part of the community. It requires:
- Persons with disability must have the opportunity to choose their place of residence and where and with whom they live on an equal basis with other persons;
- Persons with disability must not be obliged to live in a particular living arrangement;
- Persons with disability must have access to a range of in-home, residential and other community support services to support their living and inclusion in the community and to prevent their isolation or segregation from the community.
Australia has ratified the CRPD and its provisions are binding not only on the Commonwealth Government, but also on each Australian State and Territory Government.
Upon acquiring her disability, Jan Daisley was moved to an institution for people with physical disabilities, where she spent the next 30 years. After many years of campaigning, she was transferred to a relatively independent group home.
Jan is a life member and current president of People with Disability Australia (PWD), has achieved a Bachelor of Education (Habilitation) and Master’s of Education (Communities and Social Justice) and published two books.
“The words Shut-In bring back floods of memories of the 30 years I was incarcerated in an Institution.
It is well known and documented that large residential facilities housing people with disability are breeding grounds for abuse; and that much of this abuse is caused by archaic rules introduced by bureaucracy and the bio-physical and medical models of disability which prevail in institutions.
It is time governments stopped passing the buck and injected adequate resources and expertise into fulfilling their promise to close Institutions. Our governments’ idea of Devolution is not even close to what we expected from the policy enshrined in the Disability Services Act 1993 (DSA1993). We see the cynical demolishing of big institutions to be replaced by mini-institutions on the same site.
Let’s be real about change, and give people with disability - the Shut-Ins - the chance of living a quality life in the community. While group homes are not perfect, they are an enormous improvement on what people with disability both young and old have to put up with in Institutions.
I moved out of an Institution over 17 years ago and have no regrets. Sometimes things can be difficult, but that’s life no matter where you are. When I decided to move into the community, most people were sceptical of my survival and even said I would be begging to go back after a week or two. Boy, have I proved them wrong! I have made a life for myself above and beyond even my wildest dreams.
I encourage all people with or without disability, their families, friends and advocates to get behind Shut In, as I believe people are the most powerful weapon for reform. If and when the National Disability Insurance Scheme becomes a reality, people will need to have more choice in how and where they live, and who supports them. No disability is too great or too small to benefit from community living. Everyone has something to offer, so let’s keep the dream alive for human rights and equality.
Meg Sweeney is a parent of a daughter with disability. She is a passionate advocate for the closure of institutions.
“A long time ago I was active in the social movement that brought about the NSW Disability Services Act (1993) and the promise to close institutions in NSW. I was passionate about this endeavour as my toddler at the time was a prime candidate for entry to such places once she was an adult. I was committed to the devolution of institutions as a safeguard for my own daughter’s future. Little did I know that 15 years later they would not only still operate but would also be redeveloped.
It is distressing that many families of men and women in these institutions are actively supportive of their loved one remaining on site. Research, lived experience and moral judgement inform us that even those with the most profound disability have a better life when supported in individual ways in the community.
I can empathise with these families in relation to their fear of change; however, the reticence of families cannot override the fundamental human rights of their sons and daughters. All people deserve the opportunity for community living, not just those with supportive families. No one should be sacrificed.
I am equally distressed when I hear institutions being justified on the basis of the alleged reluctance of current residents to move. The reality of my daughter’s intellectual disability means that change and decision making is difficult for her. She would readily continue in a harmful situation as her capacity to understand an alternative is impaired.
How could anyone actively facilitate the continuation of something harmful to her by rationalising it as her choice or her human right of decision-making? If we as a community know something is harmful to our vulnerable citizens and we do nothing to enable something better and then justify our inaction with the idea that this is a person’s choice, it is abuse of the highest order.
At 19, embracing her significant intellectual disability, my daughter has enjoyed her school years in regular class, is embedded and encouraged in her community, has an interesting and full life and well developed sense of self.
Although moving out of home isn’t on the radar just yet I know she will seek her own space in the future. With support, she will live with whom she chooses, in a place that she likes, in a home that meets her needs. Her individuality will be the centre of all decision making. It is well and truly time that men and women in institutions experience the same opportunity. We can no longer allow these precious lives to languish, forbidden to contribute to the richness that is community.”
The Shut In website contains a wealth of resources, toolkits, fact sheets and other sorts of information for you to learn more about the reasons why this campaign is absolutely necessary.
Shut In – Campaign to Close Institutions - www.shutin.org.au
People with Disability Australia (PWD)
Resources and Library: www.family-advocacy.com/resources.php
Supported Living Campaign
MDAA – Multicultural Disability Advocacy Organisation
Queensland Advocacy Incorporated - www.qai.org.au
NSW Council on Intellectual Disability:
WSIDSG - Western Sydney Intellectual Disability Support Group
La Trobe University School of Social Work and Social Policy
- People First of Canada www.peoplefirstofcanada.ca
- Dumping Grounds for People The outcome of a four-month long journalistic investigation, conducted mostly undercover in ten institutions for adults with intellectual disailities or mental illnesses in Bulgaria, Romania and Serbia. http://dumpinggroundsforpeople.wordpress.com/
We are committed to protecting your privacy. In doing so, we commit ourselves to conforming to the Privacy Amendment (Private Sector) Bill 2000, which came into effect in December 2001 and the National Privacy Principles issued by the Australian Privacy Commissioner.
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If you would like to receive regular updates on the Shut In Campaign, or learn more about how you can help, please contact us by email or by one of the means below:
Street Address C/O People with Disability Australia 52 Pitt Street Redfern NSW Australia
Postal Address C/O People with Disability Australia PO Box 666 Strawberry Hills NSW 2012 Australia
PWD www.pwd.org.au NCID www.ncid.org.au VALID www.valid.org.au